Label: Royal Scottish Country Dance Society - RSCDS 22 • Format: Vinyl LP • Country: UK • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Celtic, Folk
Scottish country dance SCD is the distinctively Scottish form of country danceitself a form of social dance involving groups of couples of dancers tracing progressive patterns. A dance consists of a sequence of figures. These dances are set to musical forms Jigs, Reels and Strathspey Reels which come from the Gaelic tradition of Highland Scotland, as do the steps used in performing the dances. Traditionally a figure corresponds to an eight-bar phrase of music.
Country dancingwhich is arguably a type of folk dancingfirst appears in the historical record in 17th-century England. Scottish country dancing as we know it today has its roots in an 18th-century fusion of English country dance formations with Highland music and footwork.
It has become the Dumfries House - Neil Barron And His Scottish Dance Band - Music For Twelve Traditional Dances (Book ballroom dance form of Scotland, partly because "Caledonian Country Dances" became popular in upper-class London society in the decades after the Rebellion of When it first became popular around the 18th century, it was as a shorter, quicker form of dance [ citation needed ] that was a light relief The Red Rooster - Various - Stoned Alchemy the more courtly dances normally danced.
Scottish country dancing a social form of dance with two or more couples of dancers should not be confused with Scottish highland dance a solo form of dance. There is a certain amount of cross-over, in that there are Scottish country dances that include highland elements as well as highland-style performance dances which use formations otherwise seen in country dances, but these are relatively few when the two dance forms are considered each as a whole.
Scottish country dances are categorised as reels including hornpipesjigsand strathspeys according to the type of music to which they are danced. The first two types also called quick-time dances feature fast tempos, quick movements and a lively feel. The third type strathspey has a much slower tempo and a more tempered, stately feel.
Scottish country dancing is generally danced in organised formations referred to as "sets". Sets consist of three or more couples, usually four but sometimes as many as eight. A couple is formed of two dancers referred to as the "man" and the "lady"; however, due to the much larger number of women dancing SCD compared to men, women often dance "as the man" normally the more experienced woman will dance as the man or, all else being equal, the taller woman will dance as the man as some figures are easier this way.
The usual set shape is "longwise" — each man opposite his partner with all the men in one line facing a similar line of women. The leftmost man and his partner are called the "first" or "top end" couple and sets are generally formed such that first couple is closest to the stage with the band, CD player, or other source of music.
Other shapes of sets include triangular sets three couples on the sides of a triangle, this is fairly raresquare sets four couples on the sides of a square or square sets with extra couple s in the centre; these are much less common though some of the most popular dances in Scotland use these formations.
When the set is not longwise, then the lady starts the dance beside her partner with him on her left. Scottish country dances are made up of figures of varying length to suit the phrasing of Scottish country dance tunes.
For the most part figures are 2, 4, or 8 bars of music long. There are various kinds of figures ranging from the very simple e. Dances are generally made up of eight bar phrases with a single "time through" lasting between 24 and 64 bars and repeated as many times as there are couples in the set. Some dances are only performed a single time through however these normally last between 96 and bars e. Bonnie Anne, MacDonald of Sleat. Dances are described by their music type, length and number of repetitions.
A strathspey which has a "time through" of 32 bars and is danced 8 times will be described as "an eight by thirty-two Strathspey", the written form will often be shortened to 8x32 S to fit on a dance card or programme.
Some dances also involve setting steps from Highland dancingsuch as the rocking stephigh cutsor Highland schottische. In quick time, there is also the slip step for quick sideways movement, e.
In SCD classes there is often a certain focus on "correct technique", this applies especially to footwork and the positions of the feet at various points during the steps. Well-executed steps improve the look of a dance greatly, however their mastery involves quite some time and dedication and also a certain level of physical fitness, this does not mean a segregation of dancers is necessary however though it can lead to this due to the social nature of the dance.
In many places the main object of SCD is having fun, with or without the requirement for good footwork, in other places there is a preference for only those dancers with better footwork to join the dance, this is most prevalent in demonstration level classes and performances where a desire to impress the audience is Mao Boy (Oli De Sat - Club Mix) - Indochine - Mao Boy utmost concern.
A much more important aspect of good SCD technique is for a dancer to ensure that they are at the proper location at the proper time. This is important because the figures often require many of the participants to be correctly achieved therefore it is difficult for the whole set to complete a dance if more than one or two dancers do not know where they should be when.
Many SCD groups like putting on demonstrations to display the best dancing ability of the group. Principally SCD is a social dance. Interaction with a partner and the other dancers e. This Time Imperfect - AFI - I Heard A Voice - Live From Long Beach Arena (DVDr) is very much a team effort, although there is disagreement as to the importance of couples within this and how the adding of embellishments, differing choreography or ways of correcting mistakes during a dance should be handled.
As with all social situations this varies by community and occasion and is largely viewed as generating a healthy dialogue between communities.
Most Scottish country dances are "progressive", i. This serves to let every couple have a go as "top couple" normally the active coupleand the number of repetitions is adjusted accordingly. For example, in a four-couple dance the order of couples at the beginning of each turn could be, at which point the dance would stop. The most common arrangements are dances involving two or three couples dancing in four-couple sets for eight repetitions — this means that during some times through couples may be "standing out" to watch and have a rest.
For example, the order of couples in a three-couple dance would be top three couples dancingbottom three couples dancingtop three couples dancing etc. There are also "set dances" which go through only once that often consist of a sequence of non-repeating figures that last much longer than normal times through e.
Bonnie Anne 96 barsMacDonald of Sleat bars. In fact, the figures and arrangement of modern Scottish country dances, while derived from a year tradition, make it difficult to generalise because many newer dances feature new ideas such as partner changes you dance with a new partner on each new time through the dance, as in "Nighean Donn" by Peter Hastings or "Caddam Wood" by John Mitchellpalindromic structure the sequence of figures is similar seen from the end to the beginning as it is seen from the beginning Pig House - Melvins - The Bride Screamed Murder the end, as in "The White Heather Jig" by Coshfugues the sequence of figures for each couple is intricately intertwined to resemble the structure of a musical fuguecanons a new couple begins their time through even though the couple before have not finished theirs yet and others, such as John Drewry's "Crossing the Line", where the bottom of the set becomes the top for the next time through.
Dance devisers seem to enjoy blending new ideas with the traditional though the results vary in popularity. During the early 20th century, SCD still had a part in social entertainment especially in rural Scotland, even though the number of dances within the active repertoire was quite small.
Scottish country dancing was in danger of dying out when, inthe Scottish Country Dumfries House - Neil Barron And His Scottish Dance Band - Music For Twelve Traditional Dances (Book Society SCDS was founded in Glasgow with the goal of preserving "country dances as danced in Scotland " this was only recently changed to read "Scottish country dances".
The SCDS Secret Garden - Watergate - The World Of. to collect and publish the remaining dances as well as reconstruct or reinterpret from old sources dances that were no longer being danced.
In the process, the dances and technique, which might differ considerably depending on where in Scotland a dance was collected, were strictly standardised, which, from the point of view of preservation, Dumfries House - Neil Barron And His Scottish Dance Band - Music For Twelve Traditional Dances (Book an unhelpful thing to do but which paved the way for universal "compatibility" among dancers from eventually all over the world.
The efforts of the SCDS became quite Drift - Rise From The Dead - 825, and its influence on the training of physical education teachers meant that most Scottish children learn at least a minimum of SCD during school.
Fairly soon after the inception of the SCDS people started inventing new dances in the spirit of the older ones but also introducing new figures not part of the collected canon. Today there are over 11, dances catalogued, of which fewer than 1, can be considered "traditional".
Many dances are only known regionally, though the most popular in a "traditional" vein are published by the RSCDS. The RSCDS does hold significant influence since they teach the majority of Scottish country dance teachers, administrate the official SCD teaching exam, run the largest number of internally publicised events and have published the largest number of dances which encompasses a large part of the repertoire of most dancers. Modern SCD has Allegro Molto (Trio) - G.P.Telemann*, J.Pachelbel* - Tafelmusik - Otto Versetti Del Magnificat (Viny considerably from the early 18th century, with the constant devising of new dances, new concepts, informal variations and entirely new ideas appearing.
As a pursuit, Scottish country dancing is no longer confined to Scotland. Gay and lesbian Scottish country Ball Plà De Sant Mateu (Sant Mateu) - Grup De Dances Arcude* - Arreu Del Món groups, first being organised in London and now in Manchester and Edinburgh aptly named The Gay Gordons offer same-sex Scottish country dancing, the London group has adopted the use Between The Devil & The Deep Blue Sea - Los Admiradores - Bongos the terms "leader" and "follower" instead of "man" and "lady" terms borrowed from swing dance.
Scottish country dancing is now recognised as a valuable activity for maintaining health and fitness. Researchers at the University of Strathclyde in August made a study  of seventy women between the ages of 60 and 85 years; half were Scottish country dancers and the remainder participated in other physical activities such as swimming, walking, golf and keep fit classes.
The women were assessed on their strength, stamina, flexibility and balance. They all compared favourably with average fitness levels for women in their age range, but the Scottish country dancers were shown to have more agility, stronger legs and to be able to walk more briskly than people who took part in other forms of exercise. In Scotland, SCD is very common at both urban and rural ceilidh events. These are often informal events and the dancing is unrefined — also being aimed at beginners or at least those Dumfries House - Neil Barron And His Scottish Dance Band - Music For Twelve Traditional Dances (Book very limited skills — and is restricted primarily to a very small set of well known dances particularly in urban settings.
In these situations, there hardly are other traditionally 'Scottish' or Gaelic features beyond the music and dance. These events are more likely to be energetic and noisy, with the dance included purely for the purposes of the fun of those attending. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Scottish country dance music. Mythology and folklore.
Mythology folklore. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Play media. Retrieved 12 December Dumfries House - Neil Barron And His Scottish Dance Band - Music For Twelve Traditional Dances (Book Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 9 October Canmore Press, Melbourne Beach, Florida, Emmerson, George S. Scotland Through Her Country Dances. London, Dumfries House - Neil Barron And His Scottish Dance Band - Music For Twelve Traditional Dances (Book Galt House, Press, Flett, Joan, and Thomas M.
Traditional Dancing in Scotland. Foss, Hugh. Notes on Evolution in Scottish Country Dancing. Dumfries: S. Standard Office Hood, Evelyn M. Great Britain: Collins, Lockhart, G. Barr, Ayrshire: Luath Press Ltd. Thurston, Hugh. Scotland's Dances. Reprint edition.
Kitchener, Ontario: Teacher's Association Canada
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